Top 15 Leading Causes Of Infertility In Females

Although today, we have more knowledge about the leading causes of infertility than it was 10 years ago, but with medical professionals, it is still a very complex disease.

Most common causes of infertility in females :

Leading Causes Of Infertility In Females

Your husband

According to reproductive specialist Dr. William Schoolcraft, founder of the Colorado Center for Reproductive Medicine, the leading cause of infertility is male.

This causes an enormous number of 30 to 40% of infertility problems in couples. However, the disease can be treated with medicine or surgery, depending on its severity.

One of the treatments most often recommended for men with low sperm counts or slow-moving spermatozoa is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or injection of sperm into the cytoplasm of mature eggs ( ICSI).

Too fat or too skinny

When your body is overweight or underweight, it can cause hormonal dysfunction. Studies have shown that excessive exercise also negatively affects female fertility.

To find out if your weight is reasonable, it can be based on the BMI (Body Mass Index) to calculate the height and weight ratio.

Female with BMI (Body Mass Index) above 18 are more difficult to conceive than normal people. Due to their lack of leptin, a hormone that controls hunger and gives them a long lasting sensation. This prevents ovulation and menstrual irregularities, even menstruation.

You should go to the doctor to have the necessary nutritional advice such as fish oil supplements, vitamin D, probiotics, vitamins … help increase the quality of eggs, help the conception take place more effectively.

Endocrine imbalance

Hormones that regulate the reproductive system of the body occurs imbalance hormone can affect fertility.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a cause of infertility that is a very complex type of ovulatory dysfunction and not all people have the same manifestation. Many patients with polycystic ovary syndrome are unaware of their illness because the disease manifestations spread over a wide range, seems unrelated to each other such as spawning, no ovulation, menstrual disorders, weight gain, acne, hairy than normal …

One of the common traits in women with PCOS is an increase in the levels of the male hormone in the blood, so if you gain weight, the amount of free testosterone will increase, making the symptoms worse. Therefore, the best way to treat PCOS is to exercise to control weight and increase your chances of getting pregnant.

The following infertility symptoms are associated with endocrine imbalance and may be a sign of polycystic ovaries: chronic acne, frequent stress, too much hair growth is not genetic.

Also read :  8 Vaccines To Take Before Pregnancy

Ovulatory disorders

This is probably the most common cause of infertility in women, accounting for 20 to 40%. Ovulatory disorder is when ovulation does not occur, or occurs unevenly (may be three months after ovulation).

There are many reasons that affect the ovulation cycle in women, possibly due to hormonal imbalance, excessive exercise, excessive stress, weight loss or excessive weight gain. That is, anything “too” is bad for your reproductive system.

Ovulatory disorders can be controlled by oral medications such as Clomid. You will be advised to take the Clomid Ovulation stimulant before switching to artificial insemination (IUI).

For older women, doctors often recommend the use of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) for higher success rates.

Medication for infertility in females
Ovulatory disorders can be controlled by medications

Mammary glands develop slowly

Female to adulthood, under the action of estrogen in the body, breast of women develop and gradually improve. But if you are over 18 years old and mammary gland still have not developed, the cause may be due to female hormone estrogen. The lack of this hormone will lead to poor performance of the ovaries and the ability to conceive is very difficult.


If your fetus falls within 140 days of conception, it is called a miscarriage. Studies show that nearly 30% of women who have had a miscarriage or three consecutive miscarriages are likely to be infertile.

Problems in the uterus

Uterus is the baby’s “home” for nine months or longer, so it must always be in the state of readiness. If not, you will hardly conceive or keep pregnant.

Women’s uterus can have many potential problems. For example, there may be a benign tumor lying in the uterine or formed after surgery and potentially causing the embryo unable to attach to the uterine wall to develop.

Treatment can remove the blockage and help the uterine lining reproduce, making you more likely to conceive safely. Uterine abnormalities can be seen through contrast imaging.

Progesterone deficiency

Progesterone is a steroid hormone mainly secreted from the body in the second half of the menstrual cycle, helping the egg to nest and maintain the pregnancy.

Progesterone deficiency during this phase of the menstrual cycle is called Luteal phase defect  (LPD), which results in disorders of the growth of the uterine lining, causing difficulty in conception. To treat this condition, doctors will prescribe progesterone supplements in the form of tablets, vaginal suppositories or injections.

Exposure to toxic chemicals

A study by Environmental Health Perspectives magazine found that frequent exposure to contaminants, pesticides and industrial compounds could reduce a couple’s fertility by 29 percent.

In addition, 15 common chemicals are associated with early menopause in women, such as phthalates (commonly found in cosmetics, perfumes, etc.), furan toxins, or number of substances in the industrial burning process.

Contraceptive pills

When you stop hormonal contraceptives, you can become pregnant within a month. However, contraception by injection is the exception. Each injection can prevent conception for 12-14 weeks. Therefore, after stopping the injection, it takes a year to conceive.

Therefore, doctors advise women to stop using birth control pills for several months before planning a pregnancy.

Stop using birth control pills
Stop using birth control pills for several months before planning a pregnancy

Contagious sexually transmitted diseases

Illnesses like gonorrhea, syphilis or chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatory problems. In fact, chlamydia can cause scars in the fallopian tube, which causes many infertile female.


Women are under pressure for long periods of time will cause the ovaries not continue to excrete female hormone, ovulation, menstruation, even menstruation. That makes the process of conception difficult.

Those who work in competitive environments, stress, and fertility are also highly affected.

Your age

Age is an important factor affecting the fertility of women. Women at birth have an average of one to two million eggs. This number goes down every month, both in quantity and quality. At puberty, we only have about 300,000 and only 300 will mature and fall off during ovulation. So, when you reach menopause around the age of 51, your body will not have eggs.

The continuity of the egg is like the aging process, meaning you can not make more eggs. Because of this, the rate of infertility in women 35 years and older is higher than that of other women. The work of infertility clinicians is to try to keep your eggs in the best condition, along with diet tips to ensure the quality of eggs such as fish oils, vitamin D, CoQ10 and other other vitamins.


Women who smoke for a long time lead to irregular ovulation, negatively affecting fertility. So, if you are trying to conceive, you should give up this habit at least months before. The better your body is, the higher your chances of getting pregnant and the better the pregnancy.

Drinking alcohol

Doctors warn that a glass of alcohol per day increases the risk of ovulation in women. Even pregnant women who drink alcohol in the early stages of pregnancy are likely to be premature.

Many doctors believe that small amounts of alcohol in the later stages of pregnancy are acceptable, but pregnant women should stay away from alcohol because there is no evidence that it harms the fetus.

There are many causes of infertility, including those with no obvious symptoms.

Therefore, medical experts advise couples under the age of 35 should seek help from a doctor if after 12 months do not use contraception and still not pregnant.  For women over 35, the time to seek help is after six months of trying to conceive naturally without results. The sooner you get the correct diagnosis, the better chance you have of conceiving.

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