The first weeks after birth is the most difficult for all parents. The following article will give some tips on how to care for my under 1 month old, you can consult.
Characteristics of less than 1 month old baby
New born infants would be no appearance like in the movies, but have to wait a few weeks, new baby angel looks as you expect.
The baby’s body will be slightly curved, hardened, clenched, arms and legs hugged; This is because this is a familiar posture when the baby is in the womb.
Do not worry; Your baby’s muscles will gradually relax, and the body will relax gradually over the next few weeks.
From birth, the baby has a set of built-in (instinctive) reflexes to help the baby survive in the outside world.
Include: crying, looking for nipple position (food source), suction-thrust (mouth), startling, …
Eyesight: The eyes look slightly swollen, the vision is slightly blurred, the eyes are less moving.
Auditory: Not fully developed but the baby is very familiar with the voice of the parent as well as the sounds he or she often hear in the womb.
Taste: the baby was able to distinguish between sweet and spicy; The baby prefers the sweetness and taste of breast milk.
Tentacle: baby feels when others touch. The caresses, caresses of parents are significant in the physical and psychological development of the baby.
Smell: Baby can recognize your scent when approaching.
Be aware of the above, you will have an easier way to care for babies under 1 month old.
Newborns will usually lose 5-10% of their weight at birth, which is normal since the baby is cut off through the placenta and can not adjust to the new food source: milk.
After about 1-2 weeks, the baby will gain weight at birth and continue to gain weight.
Infants sleep a lot, especially in the early months of life. On average, babies sleep about 16-18 hours a day and wake up often to feed.
If breastfeeding takes 2-3 hours and if your baby sucks milk powder, it will take 3-4 hours. The child eats then sleeps, repeats like that but not on a fixed schedule.
There is no standard care for infants under 1 month of age, because each baby is different.
- Genital organs.
Do not worry too much when your baby’s genitals look red, this is normal and temporary (about 2 weeks).
It’s because the mother’s hormones still exist in the baby’s body. It has many different benefits, such as reducing the preterm birth rate.
Every newborn will cry many times a day, it is difficult to explain clearly why. Perhaps that is the way the baby communicates when he or she can not learn the language.
Crying is a sign that the baby is healthy. If the baby seems to cry less or cry more, it is a matter of concern.
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How to care for baby under 1 month old
- Feed your milk.
Infants under 1 month old feed about 10-12 times a day. For the first few days, only 5-8 times, each milk is very little.
Gradually the baby will have more milk and longer feeding time. Each child is different so you should feed your baby on demand, when you are fed enough.
Breast milk is the best food for infants, it is also very convenient, so breastfeeding is recommended.
If you have difficulty breastfeeding, you can let your children milk powder
- Track diapers.
For the first few days, the baby’s stools will be black and sticky. After that, the stools turn yellow and green. Gradually, more soft, yellow, green or brown.
For breastfeeding babies, there will be more than five dirty diapers a day, and younger infants are less likely to breastfeed.
After about 6 weeks, the number of dirty diapers will decrease, instead of wet diapers.
Observation of baby diapers is also a way of caring for infants less than 1 month old, because you will know the health of your baby.
Baby less than 1 month old do not need to bathe each day like an older child; Because baby skin is very thin and sensitive. Just wipe the baby with a clean, moist cloth, then dry again.
Do not let the baby’s body soak in the water before falling off the belly button. The umbilical cord should be as dry as possible.
On average 2-3 weeks, the umbilical cord falls off and you can bathe the baby with water every 2-3 days.
Infant sleep is very erratic and unplanned, so follow your baby’s routine. Unless your baby is sleeping too much, you have to wake up to feed your baby.
Put the baby on a hard mattress, pillow, blanket or other stuffed animal. If it is winter, a blanket should be added.
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A few other things to keep in mind
- Have your child look at your face while chatting or doing some funny “silly” actions.
- Occasionally let the baby go out to breathe fresh air, avoid the fierce sun; Just walk under the trees or under the shelter.
- No need to play music, every baby loves his mother’s lullaby.
- Give your child a vaccination in the first month.
Certainly, every parent is extremely tired and tired in the first weeks after birth. A lot of things to consider, to worry while not having experience at all.
Hopefully, with guidance on how to care for infants less than 1 month old, you will find it easier to take care of your baby and nourish your baby better.