Ibuprofen was discovered in the year 1961 by John Nicholson and Steward Adams. They marketed it as Brufen. Initially it was marketed in United Kingdom in 1969, and then in United States in 1974. It is considered as one of the most effective and safe medicines and is in the list of essential medicines of World Health Organization (WHO).
It is among the painkillers which are called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in body
Forms Of Ibuprofen
It is available in following forms.
Ibuprofen is a pain killer. It also reduces high fever. It is available from stores, supermarket, or pharmacies. Some types can be bought over-the-counter from pharmacies, while others can be purchased only on physician’s prescription. It is used to reduce fever and headache, back pain, toothache, menstrual cramps, minor injury, flu, redness and swelling caused by joints, muscles and bones’ problems (rheumatoid, arthritis, osteoarthritis).
Maximum dose for an adult is 800 mg per dose or 3200 mg per day.
So Can You Use Ibuprofen While Pregnant?
Recommendations For Use During Pregnancy
Pregnancy can sometimes be a difficult time. As the pregnancy advances, there are more chances of you suffering from aches and pains, particularly backache. Headache is also a common complaint.
Fever can also occur in pregnancy, as you might catch an infection. To relieve the pain or reduce the fever, many pregnant women take an over-the-counter pain killer, and ibuprofen is one of these medicines. However, is it safe for use?
Ibuprofen is safe in early pregnancy but it is harmful in later stages. It is advised that if you are pregnant do not take ibuprofen unless it is prescribed by your doctor. Ibuprofen has been declared a Category D drug by FDA, which means that there is specific evidence which shows that taking this drug during this time can cause harm to your baby.
- The drug can act on your baby’s heart and cause a pathway inside the heart to become closed before it normally should. As a result, your baby’s heart may be seriously damaged. In severe cases, it can even result in your baby’s death.
- Ibuprofen can decrease the amount of amniotic fluid, which can damage your little one
- If you take the drug near to delivery, your newborn might have raised pressure in his lungs.
- There may be increased risk of prolonged labor.
Keep in mind that a single dose will usually not cause harm but you should still be careful. If you do need a pain killer, acetaminophen is a safe option..
If taken for longer period of time, or you take high doses, following side effects.
- Heart burn
- Increase risk of heart attack.
- Stomach or Intestinal bleeding
- Kidney failure
- Worsen Asthma
Remember taking ibuprofen in last three months of pregnancy may harm your unborn baby.