Pregnancy is a wonderful journey for every mother. In order for a baby to be healthy, in addition to good pregnancy care, couples before pregnancy should be well prepared. One of the most important things that many women often forget and ignore that is vaccination before pregnancy to ensure that mother does not get sick during pregnancy.
Pjmommy.com invite you to find out which vaccines vaccinated before pregnancy should be done.
- 1 Why should vaccination before pregnancy?
- 2 8 Vaccines To Take Before Pregnancy
- 2.1 Rubella vaccine should be given before pregnancy
- 2.2 Chickenpox vaccine needs to be vaccinated before 1 month of pregnancy
- 2.3 Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended before pregnancy
- 2.4 Get flu shot before pregnancy
- 2.5 HPV vaccine before pregnancy
- 2.6 Mumps vaccine before pregnancy
- 2.7 Tetanus vaccine before pregnancy
- 2.8 Measles vaccine before pregnancy
- 2.9 Tips for women when getting vaccinated before pregnancy:
- 3 Some notes before vaccination
- 4 Time of vaccination
Why should vaccination before pregnancy?
During pregnancy, the body’s immune system will perform worse than normal. The risk of your infection is also so increasing. Some illnesses only cause uncomfortable symptoms.
However, others can have a detrimental effect on your health and your abdomen. Vaccination is the best way to protect you from these undue dangers. In addition, some vaccines also have the ability to help children increase resistance while still in the womb. Therefore, the pre-pregnancy vaccination is something that women should not ignore.
8 Vaccines To Take Before Pregnancy
Rubella vaccine should be given before pregnancy
Rubella virus is transmitted by inhalation, incubation period is from 12 to 23 days (average 18 days).
Rubella infection in early pregnancy (the first 3 months or the first 20 weeks) can cause fetal death or congenital rubella syndrome, this syndrome is characterized by multiple defects, especially with the brain, heart, ear and eyes.
Rubella virus can survive for a long time in a child’s body, usually over 1 year and is excreted through pharynx, urine and that is the source of infection for those exposed.
Therefore, before getting pregnant, mothers should get the Rubella vaccine 3 months before the pregnancy to ensure the mother’s health and overall development.
Chickenpox vaccine needs to be vaccinated before 1 month of pregnancy
Pregnant women who have chickenpox in pregnancy may face a variety of risks:
- Under 13 weeks of age, the probability of congenital chicken pox syndrome, congenital deformities account for 2-4%.
- Under 20 weeks, almost no effect on the fetus.
- Close to birth date, pregnant women with chicken pox, the probability of transmission to children is very high because of chicken pox spread because mother has not created antibody to prenatal baby. Babies born face the risk of pneumonia, limb defects, cataracts …
Therefore, you need to have a chickenpox vaccine at least 1 month before your pregnancy to protect you from chickenpox most effectively, to ensure safe mother and baby during pregnancy and when the baby is born.
Hepatitis B vaccine is recommended before pregnancy
Hepatitis B is caused by the virus, which is easily transmitted by blood and body fluids. Therefore, when pregnant, mothers infected with the hepatitis B virus easily transmit the virus to the fetus or infect the newborn during childbirth.
According to various statistics, pregnant mothers with hepatitis B in the third trimester of pregnancy have a 10% to 20% risk of transmission to their child, which is up to 90% if the mother is infected in the last 3 months of pregnancy.
Adults with the hepatitis B vaccine will be given 3 shots in 1-2-3 order, that is, after the nasal 1, 2 months after you take the nasal 2. And the next month you take the third shot. The protective effect of hepatitis B vaccination is effective for about 12 years.
Pregnant women who want to be vaccinated against hepatitis B should have serological tests from both partners before vaccination to obtain more data and may be vaccinated against both parents to ensure the safety of the development of the baby’s future and prevention of the risk of hepatitis B birth.
Get flu shot before pregnancy
Flu is a common and easily cured disease if treated properly. However, pregnant women with the flu during pregnancy, especially the first 3 months, can cause the fetus to become deformed. As a precaution, it is best to treat your child with flu shot before deciding to have a baby.
Influenza vaccination is effective for 1 year and it is possible for you to get pregnant right after injection and even injectable in pregnancy if the pregnant mother flu.
HPV vaccine before pregnancy
Women between the ages of 11 and 26, who are not sexually active, should get the HPV vaccine before marriage and intend to become pregnant.
This will help prevent the spread of some sexually transmitted diseases, ensuring reproductive health and motherhood safety.
At the same time, have the effect of ensuring safety, avoid infection of the risk of sexually transmitted diseases in the delivery process in the future.
HPV shots done 3 times:
- First time : women 11 and between the ages of 26.
- Second time : 1 – 2 months after the 1st injection.
- Third time : 6 months after the 1st injection.
Mumps vaccine before pregnancy
Mumps virus can cause inflammation of the ovary, which also damages the ovary, damaging the reproductive health of women.
In addition, mumps can cause birth defects, premature delivery and stillbirth. In particular, the risk is higher if mothers have mumps during the first trimester and the third trimester of pregnancy.
Currently, women can actively prevent measles, mumps and rubella with only one 3 in 1 vaccine (measles – mumps – rubella). Some people may have been vaccinated when they were young and have immunity to this. However, nothing is 100% sure at all. Even if you have been vaccinated before, you should still be tested again. It should be vaccinated one month before conception.
Tetanus vaccine before pregnancy
Tetanus is an acute infection caused by tetanus bacilli and high risk of death.
For women of reproductive age (15 – 45 years), women should get tetanus vaccination as prescribed.
- 1st injection : Early injections before conception .
- 2nd injection: At least 4 weeks after the 1st injection.
- 3rd injection: At least 6 months after 2nd injection.
- 4th injection: At least one year after the 3rd injection.
- 5th injection: At least one year after the 4th injection.
After having received 5 tetanus shots, they can prevent tetanus during the reproductive period.
Measles vaccine before pregnancy
If you have measles while pregnant, the risk of fetal malformations is also very high. In addition, having measles during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, premature delivery or stillbirth.
Tips for women when getting vaccinated before pregnancy:
Many women wonder, worry about the safety of pre-pregnancy vaccination for themselves and the health of the baby later. However, the science classifies vaccines for pregnant women into three groups:
– Vaccines for the fetus: Tetanus, Hepatitis B, Flu is made from inactivated viruses. These are non-fetal vaccines, but also protect the baby after birth through mother antibodies passed to the placenta.
– Vaccines not used for pregnant women: Paralysis of oral forms, Pertussis, Diphtheria, Measles, Mumps, Tuberculosis (BCG), Typhoid.
– Vaccines can be used in some special cases: Rabies, cholera.
Therefore, women need to have active plans about pregnancy, having the right knowledge and choosing to get vaccinated before pregnancy.
During the vaccination, there should be a reasonable plan for contraception. If the vaccination is conceived immediately, consult a specialist.
Not vaccinated with high fever, fatigue and other abnormalities.
Women with chronic diseases such as heart and kidney vaccination should consult with a specialist.
Monitor health before and after vaccination 12-24 hours.
Some notes before vaccination
MMR, vaccines against measles, mumps and rubella, it is recommended that vaccines should not be given during pregnancy.
In theory, the MMR vaccine can cause Rubella infection in mothers and severe neonatal effects such as neonatal retardation, eye and ear deformities, etc.
However, in many cases the mother has MMR vaccine during pregnancy, the baby is still healthy after birth.
Therefore, if the MMR vaccine is missed in the first 3 months, the risk of malformation can be very low. Testing at 18 weeks of pregnancy can help you determine this risk.
Time of vaccination
If you are of reproductive age, are getting married or are planning on having a baby in the near future, then do not hesitate to vaccinate before pregnancy.
The ideal vaccination time is before 3-6 months of conception. You can go to the service vaccination points to register for immunizations on demand.
Hope that with the information about vaccinations before pregnancy can help women have more knowledge to give birth. Wish future mothers are always healthy.